Before knowing the types of engineering it is important to know, what is engineering? and then STREAMS OF ENGINEERING.
In a simple word we can say- “Application of a Science is called Engineering”
In other words Engineering is the branch of technology and science concerned with the design, construction, and operation of engines, devices, and structures. Check here STREAMS OF ENGINEERING.
There are many Streams of Engineering–
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Someone who designs spacecraft, aircraft, satellites, missiles, and force systems is a branch of aerospace or aeronautical engineering. This engineering aids in the aerospace industry by providing new architecture, technique, and vision, among other things. To put it another way, this engineering is concerned with the study of air and space transport.
Biochemical engineering is the use of biological (natural or organic) materials to produce products and processes, such as organisms, cells, and specific molecules. Biochemical engineering is used in industries such as biotechnology, bio fuels, pharmaceuticals, water purification, and food. A division of chemistry concerned with the production of new chemical field products for use by a wide range of organisations and individuals. Biochemical engineering is now an integral part of the nation’s military.
An agricultural engineering degree teaches students how to apply engineering principles to the agricultural industry, such as soil conservation and salinity, land preparation, irrigation, farm machinery design and production, and assisting in the creation of more efficient harvesting techniques. Working in a consultancy capacity or in a related industry, such as machinery design and manufacturing, is the most common occupation. A division that is related to agriculture and provides new inventions in the field of agriculture. We can improve our agriculture field for high-quality crops with the help of this engineering.
Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that studies the operation and design of chemical plants, as well as methods for increasing production. Chemical engineers devise cost-effective commercial methods for transforming raw materials into usable goods. Chemical engineering is the method of transforming raw materials or chemicals into more usable or valuable forms using chemical, physical, and biological sciences.
The design, development, and maintenance of physical and natural built environments are all covered by civil engineering. Buildings, highways, railways, reservoirs, airports, canals, dams, docks, and harbours are among the facilities that are planned, analysed, designed, built, and maintained in this sector. We couldn’t imagine this planet without civil engineering. Many areas, such as architectural engineering, structural engineering, transportation engineering, environmental engineering, and construction management engineering, are included in this engineering.
Electrical engineering is closely related to energy research. The primary energy sources are electricity, hydropower, and renewable energy sources such as wind and solar energy. Electrical Engineering has played a critical role in developing world-class scientists and technologists. Electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism are all branches that research and apply electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. Without electrical engineering, we couldn’t imagine this planet or our lives running as smoothly as they do now. Electrical engineering, power electronics & equipment, and renewable energy engineering are only a few of the areas covered in this engineering.
Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering, dating back to the Stone Age. The design and study of heat and mechanical power for the operation of machines and mechanical devices is known as mechanical engineering. Mechanical device architecture is specifically involved in this engineering. Manufacturing, aeronautics, nanotechnology, nuclear power generation, heating and cooling are all industries that benefit from these systems. Thermodynamics, structural analysis, materials science, and kinematics are all major areas of research. Mechanical engineering includes fields such as production engineering and automotive engineering.
The research, technology, and practise of extracting and processing minerals from a naturally occurring environment is included in this engineering discipline. A mining engineering degree focuses on the efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally responsible extraction of extracted resources from the earth. Engineers work in the mining industry in fields like equipment design and manufacturing, mine design, and mine construction. Mining engineers may work on-site or remotely, collaborating closely with geologists to find the most successful extraction techniques.
A field of research that is closely related to medicine and biology. This engineering plays a critical role in the medical sector. They are in charge of developing and maintaining diagnostic instruments. EEGs, MRIs, and other imaging machines are examples of devices. These devices are used by doctors to diagnose their patients’ medical problems. This is a fast-paced industry that, while difficult, can provide a satisfying career path.
A department that is specifically involved in vehicle design and construction.The manufacturing domain encompasses the production and assembly of vehicle parts in their entirety. The field of automotive engineering is heavily reliant on analysis and the direct application of mathematical models and formulas.Automotive engineering is the study of designing, developing, fabricating, and testing vehicles or vehicle components from concept to production. The three main functions in this area are production, growth, and manufacturing.
Computer Science Engineering
We couldn’t imagine today’s world without computer science engineering. Telecommunications, networking, software application development, and manufacturing are among the industries covered by this division, and new ones are emerging, such as application development, web development, network security / cyber security, and cloud computing, to name a few.
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Electronic engineering (also known as electronics and communications engineering) is an electrical engineering discipline that designs electronic circuits, devices, integrated circuits, and systems using nonlinear and active electrical components (such as semiconductor devices, particularly transistors and diodes).Passive electrical components, commonly based on printed circuit boards, are often designed by this discipline. This engineering provides the technology that is changing our way of life on a daily basis, such as new smartphone techniques, smart TV, new car and bike techniques, and so on.
Mechatronics Engineering, is a new field for hybrid engineers that combines mechanical and electronic engineering. In today’s world, almost all mechanical machinery is controlled by a combination of electronics and software, all of which is focused on computers and technology. Mechatronics engineers assist in the bridge-building process and have in-depth knowledge of electrical, electronics, and mechatronics.
A robotics engineering degree focuses on automation and the use of robots to assist with routine activities, such as those used in the automotive industry. To achieve maximum performance, robotics engineers will normally design robotic technology and build maintenance systems. In the next five years, this sector is projected to expand by up to 15%.
A petroleum engineer is in charge of extracting oil and gas from the ground. They’re still working on developing new extraction methods and technologies, including more reliable and environmentally friendly methods. Petroleum engineering is one of the well-paid engineering fields. Petroleum engineers are crucial in finding reservoirs under the surface.
Geological engineering is a mix engineering and analysis skills for mining and construction comes. Construction companies rent earth science engineers. They assess ground conditions and alternative natural hazards (earthquakes, etc.) before beginning construction. With declining natural resources out there, earth science engineers square measure in high demand. Earth science Engineers add the non-public sector or governmental agencies.
Nuclear engineers area unit at the core of development for the ever growing use of nuclear energy. The medical field has become the most important beneficiary of the many new developments. Nuclear engineers work for consulting corporations, power plants, and government agencies. Evidently, the demand for nuclear engineers in nuclear energy plants is high. The design, implementation, and maintenance of the plant is one as.
An applied scientist applies information to the event of ocean technologies. During this technology, the structures is floating and glued like pontoons and jetties, propulsion and power generation for boats, ships and different marine transportation, and developing new types of energy that ar dependent on our oceans together with wind farms.
Environmental Engineering is one of the most common engineering degrees because it combines science and engineering to improve our environment. This includes the air we breathe, the food we eat, and the water we drink. Environmental engineers also study the effects of humans on the environment, such as contamination caused by construction and manufacturing processes. Civil engineering includes environmental engineering as a subset.
Architectural engineers work on projects at the planning, development, and design stages. The emphasis is on the building structure and interior design with the help of other team members. This includes HVAC, A/C, electrical, fire alarm, lighting, plumbing, and other project-specific systems.Natural disasters such as earthquakes and hurricanes are given special attention in some countries.
Manufacturing Engineering is concerned with manufacturing methods and equipment, as well as quality control systems. Manufacturing accounts for more than 20% of America’s GDP and 15% of its workforce. As a consequence, it’s critical that we improve the performance of our manufacturing processes. This is a wide field that can overlap with other engineering disciplines such as robotics and systems engineering. Material science, industrial technology, and automation (robotics), as well as fluid mechanics and hydraulics, will all be studied by students.
This is it in STREAMS OF ENGINEERING . Now you have to select or decide which STREAMS OF ENGINEERING you are going to choose. and which STREAMS OF ENGINEERING you have interest.