In simple terms, Archaeology income the study of antique human past finished materials remains. It is also a sub follower to Anthropology, which is a teaching of diverse humanoid cultures. The authorities in Archaeology are called as Archaeologists. Archaeology is an inter-disciplinary activity deal with the study of material growth made by the past humanoid societies. The impartial of Archaeology is to study earlier humanoid philosophies through documentation, dig and survey of historical sites. As a multidisciplinary activity, archaeology involves numerous subjects such as art history, anthropology, geology, ethnology, linguistics, history, physics and statistics.


 They brand use of their info from the humanities, social, physical, and biological sciences. They also inspect the ways of primeval societies in numerous parts of the world. They also study the taxes, values, and social patterns of dissimilar cultures from the investigate purpose. Many archaeologists use urbane tools and skills in their work. Though tasks vary by speciality, supplies often include mining tools, workroom equipment, statistical and database software.


  • At least 45 – 50% of marks in Class 12 in any watercourse from a recognised board are sufficient to take up a UG course in History/ Archaeology/ Ancient History.
  • For captivating up Master’s course in Archaeology, you need to slash at least 50% marks in UG mark. Some campuses consider pupils from any brook for M.A. Archaeology course.
  • Some universities behaviours entrance exam for the fee to M.A. Archaeology course. Scholars need to succeed the arrival test to secure admission.

Types of Job Roles Archaeologist

Museum/ Gallery Exhibition Officer: He/ She is accountable for preparation or organising enduring or travelling exhibitions. They also manage or oversee activities in a gallery.

Urban Archaeologist: These archaeologists play a important role in perusal the urban centres or cities.

Pre-Historic Archaeologist: An archaeologist who inspects human civilizations associated with the pre-historic or historic era is called as Pre-Historic Archaeologists.

Palaeontologist: An archaeologist who educations about life forms that occurred on the Earth before the arrival of humans is called as Palaeontologist.

Marine Archaeologist: Marine Archaeologist is also called an submerged archaeologist who educations and inspects the leftovers of ships lengthways with the study of beliefs that were advanced along the coastline.

Environmental Archaeologist: A being who studies the influence of the setting on the past civilizations and societies’ influence on the environment is called as Environmental Archaeologist.

Documentation Specialist: An archaeologist who studies the papers of past cultures and civilizations and amasses them in an order is called as a certification specialist.

Lecturer: A being who is an expert in the field of Archaeology and teachers’ scholars in colleges or college is called as Archaeology lecturer.

Experimental Archaeologist: An archaeologist who repeat outdated objects and procedures to have an sympathetic of their work is called as Experimental Archaeologist.

Employment Sector/Industry for Archaeologist

After reaching necessary educations and skills, Archaeologists can get into various locations in government and the private sector. However, the service opportunities for Archaeologists are more in the administration sector rather than private. The subsequent are some of the organisations in which archaeologists can take up jobs: –

  • National Heritage Agencies
  • Indian Council of Historical Research
  • Archaeological Survey of India
  • National Museums
  • Government and Private Museums
  • Cultural Galleries
  • Universities and Colleges
  • Also read What to do after 10th to become a CA

Top Recruiting Agencies for Archaeologists

Most of the service opportunities for Archaeologists are obtainable in the government sector. The next are top administration organisations in India that employee archaeologists: –

  • The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is the key recruiter of archaeologists at both dominant and state level. The alumnae can secure jobs in ASI by payment Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) examination or State Public Service Commission (SPSC) exam.
  • The scholars who possess a advanced degree in Archaeology can smear for the post of lecturers/professors in numerous universities crossways the country. However, passing marks in Nationwide Eligibility Test (NET) is obligatory to become a lecturer.

Pay Scale/Salary of Archaeologist

Job ProfileStarting Salary per annum (in INR)Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR)Senior Level Salary per annum (In INR)
Archaeologists (Government)Rs. 3,50,000Rs. 7,00,000Rs. 10,00,000
LecturerRs. 2,50,000Rs. 3,00,000Rs. 6,00,000
Documentation SpecialistRs. 2,60,000Rs. 2,90,00Rs. 5,00,000
PalaeontologistRs. 3,50,000Rs. 6,00,000Rs. 10,00,000
Assistant ArchaeologistRs. 2,00,000Rs. 4,00,000Rs. 6,00,000
Museum/ Gallery Officer or CuratorRs. 1,50,000Rs. 2,00,000Rs. 5,00,000

 Note: The overhead figures are an approximation and may vary after individual to individual and company to company.

For Further Information :- Education in India

Books & Study Material to Become Archaeologist

For most of the university arrival exams, scholars need to focus on basic Past and General Consciousness. Here are some of the records that will help Archaeology students to augment their information in the field.

  • Archaeology: Philosophies, Methods and Practice by Colin Renfrew
  • Gods, Tombs and Scholars: The Story of Archaeology by CW Ceram
  • Archaeological Theory by Matthew Johnson
  • 1177 BC: The Year Civilisation Misshapen by Eric H. Cline
  • Archaeology: A Brief Introduction by Brian M Fagan


  • Archaeology is an ideal occupation who want to make a vocation in disentanglement mysteries of the ancient past.
  • A famous unearthing in the field of Archaeology brings the position and status of an archaeologist to iconic scopes.

Cons of becoming an Archaeologist

  • Archaeologists face intemperate weather, dangerous and tough employed conditions in the field of work.
  • Long working hours in the field and continuous travelling can be gruelling on the mind and the physique.


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